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“To ensure every child develops intellectually, socially, emotional and mentally.”

Ph.: (242)502-2700 / 502-2926 / 502-8584 * Toll Free: 827-9013 * Fax: 323-1156

Visit our Facebook page @schoolpsyservices

About psychological Unit

In 1967 the Ministry of Education commenced the delivery of psychological services within the educational system. It was not until 1976 that School Psychological Section was established within the Ministry of Education. Bahamian Clinical Psychologist, Dr. Rodney Smith coordinated the section along with Clinical Technician, Ms. Andrea Brennen. The team primarily provided psychological assessment to school-aged children. Following Dr. Smith, American School Psychologist Dr. Katherine Ritzes coordinated the section from 1984 to 1986. After two years of supervising the section, Dr. Ritzes returned to the United States and Clinical Psychologist Valerie Knowles was appointed the School Psychological Unit supervisor. Prior to Mrs. Knowles, psychologists worked closely with the Special Education Unit to assist in identifying students needing Special Education services.


Mrs. Valerie Knowles, a former Social Services Officer with a clinical psychology background, introduced the therapeutic aspect to the Unit. Mrs. Knowles initiated the first male gang therapy groups in the schools. Not long after, the late Dr. Myles Munroe assisted her with the male groups. The then Director of Education, Mr. Mark Wilson and Ms. Marjorie Davis worked closely with the School Psychological Unit by involving them in decision making for educational reform.

During Mrs. Valerie Knowles supervision, Assistant School Psychologist Mrs. Monique Wilchcombe relocated to Grand Bahama in 1990 until 1996. 

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Who are school



What do school psychologists do?

Who do school psychologists work with?

When to refer for services?

Who should make referral?

The Referral Process

This was the start of psychological assessment services in Grand Bahama. Mr. Henry O’Brien, a former Guidance Counselor continued the services of academic assessment in the Grand Bahama District Office from 1997 to 1999. In 2000 Dr. Pamula Mills, a Clinical Psychologist, was appointed to the Grand Bahama District Office as the School Psychologist. Under her supervision, the services expanded to include a holistic approach in rendering psychological services the students. Dr. Mills served in that capacity until 2016. Today, Mr. Sterling Gardiners supervises the New Providence unit with seven School Psychologists that oversea the other Family islands, while Ms. Lakiska Russell supervises the Grand Bahama office with two other School Psychologists and one trainee School Psychologist.


Today the School Psychological Services Unit is a part of the Department/Ministry of Education Special Services Section. As School Psychological Services Unit evolved, it continues to provide services to all students, teachers, parents and allied agencies in The Bahamas. The Unit today prides itself for its unique grouping of professionals who specialize in various fields of psychology. The goal of the unit is to understand the mechanics of services use to address the academic, social, behavioral, emotional and mental health needs of the school population so that they can function holistically in the community.

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